Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms

From the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:

Seventy-one years ago, on November 9–10, 1938, the Nazis staged vicious pogroms—state sanctioned, anti-Jewish riots—against the Jewish community of Germany. These came to be known as Kristallnacht (now commonly translated as “Night of Broken Glass”), a reference to the untold numbers of broken windows of synagogues, Jewish-owned stores, community centers, and homes plundered and destroyed during the pogroms. Encouraged by the Nazi regime, the rioters burned or destroyed 267 synagogues, vandalized or looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, and killed at least 91 Jewish people. They also damaged many Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes as police and fire brigades stood aside. Kristallnacht was a turning point in history. The pogroms marked an intensification of Nazi anti-Jewish policy that would culminate in the Holocaust—the systematic, state-sponsored murder of Jews.

Explore the Museum’s Online Kristallnacht Exhibit.

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One thought on “Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms

  1. Thank you, again, for making the One Book website so interesting and compulsively readable. The informative and timely article from the Holocaust Museum about the Kristillnacht history, history that I’ve read about before, caused me to think again in fresh and contemporary perspectives. Thank you for placing this article on the website.

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